Thursday, March 8, 2012

A butterfly that can Swim

A butterfly that can Swim !!!

Baghmara Village and Surrouding area from Hilltop
       First day of Diwali of year 2011 and I was attending the 14th butterfly meet in Meghalaya organized by butterfly India group which is part of diversity India Group. All of us were having a butterflying trail along the stream in the midst of fantastic evergreen forests of Baghmara Biodiversity Reserve.
Karwani Stream in Baghmara Biodiversity Reserve
        The weather was humid but not very hot. The morning was pretty pleasant with the temperature somewhere around 20 °c. Even at the peak noon the temperature never crossed 31 °c. The water was clean, flowing slowly but continuously with a constant pace. Without any rain on previous day, there was no change in the water level. Overall the situation was stable and perfect for butterflying.
         With fantastic butterflies flying and mud puddling in front of us, we were having a field day. There were variety of skippers moving around with velvet bob as our star attraction. Big butterflies like yellow Helen, blue bottle, tawny rajah, common nawab, commander and so on. After sometime we started moving further upstream. This part of stream was flowing through a dense forest, hence, there wasn’t sunlight penetrating to the ground. Since there wasn’t any sunlight, the region was very cool compared to the surroundings. At this spot we spotted a strange activity.
First spotting of Forester on water
         There was a brownish coloured butterfly. Initially it was sitting on the side of the stream, under a tree. As we were approaching it slowly; this butterfly took off from its spot and went over the water surface of the flowing stream. It was touching the water. We thought it is trying to drink water in some strange way. Suddenly that butterfly dropped on the water surface and started floating.  It rested on the water completely in horizontal way. It was almost like a person lying on a bed. It started flowing along with the flow of water.
Closeup of Angled Red Forester floating on water
         The first thought came to our mind was that this butterfly must be injured or old and it might have dropped because of exhaustion factor while flying. I have personally seen many butterflies that have gone near water and dropped in and subsequently died because they can’t take off again. We expected that it was the same thing happening with this butterfly.
          Suddenly after flowing for 2-3 meters with the water this butterfly took off from water and started flying as if nothing has happened. It flew from the water and sat on the stone and only then we were able to identify this champion. This swimmer butterfly was Angled red forester.
Angled Red Forester Lying on Wet Sand
One might think that this was an accident and this butterfly got survived by luck. It was not the case. After we observed this incidence, this butterfly was doing the same thing for almost next 1 Hr. The area was rich with butterflies and the members from our group were continuously going up and down along the stream. Every member from our group was able to observe this behavior.
          In birds I know that the ones who are categorized as water birds have special oily layer over their wings and hence they can swim. That oily layer protects their features from getting wet and prevents them from drowning. But in butterflies, I have seen such type of adaptability for the first time. I don’t know the reason why this Angled red forester was doing like that. I don’t know the anatomical reasons for this. Since all of us have observed this behavior with respect to only one specific butterfly, I don’t even know whether this is common in this species.  I am documenting this just for the sake of an interesting record which all of us encountered and left us astonished.

- Pinakin Karve
   25 Oct 2011

Monday, October 17, 2011

Top 10 Butterflying Destinations of Maharashtra

         Having traveled across Maharashtra.. Top to Bottom and East to West.. and keeping view of Trekker/wildlife enthusiast and mainly butterflier; following are the few destinations which I think are the best for Butterflying. I am putting this list so that it would help newcomers / amateurs / experts from other states to reach out and study butterflies of Maharashtra.

1. Tamhini Ghat :

This place is situated about 60 Km west of Pune. Its a ghat road descending downwards from Mulshi basin to Kundalika River basin. This entire area is spectacular from butterflies point of view. This place is at its peak in the month of February and Early March but along with that late August and September are also good. It is the time when rain recedes and the jungle is illuminated by bright sunlight.

2. Phansad Wildlife Sanctuary:

Its a sanctuary about 30Km south of Alibag. It is situated on the way from Roha to Murud. This forest used to be the reserved hunting forest for Nawab of Janjira. This is a pristine semi-evergreen forest with small evergreen forest best having substantial old growth trees. This has resulted into fantastic diversity. Every month of the year will give you some surprise record.

3. Sanjay Gandhi National park:

Being blend of various ecosystem, Mumbai used to be fantastic destination for Naturalists. But with the high growth in population of Mumbai with heavy industrialisation and subsequent pollution, biodiversity of Mumbai has certainly taken a shock. But still the areas like Sanjay Gandhi National park which are completely surrounded the buildings, act like an oasis for the wildlife. Hence whenever you go to SGNP from various starting points, one can be sure of finding something nice. Peak season of this area is also February and Early March.

4. Vasota Fort:

Vasota fort is a jungle fort situated in the Koyna wildlife Sanctuary which is now part of sahyadri tiger reserve. This fort is completely isolated by dam water on one side and western ghat cliff from another side. Hence there is least disturbance in this jungle. When Dam water level goes down a bit, it opens sand bar along the coast and this sand bar is one of the favorite hanging out spots for butterflies. If you visit this place anytime after 1st november to 1st June, you can be sure of finding good variety of butterflies. The important thing is that since these butterflies will be busy in mud puddling, it becomes an easy job to photograph species like blue mormon, red helen which otherwise would hardly stop for you.

5. Dajipur Wildlife Sanctuary:

This Sanctuary is situated in the backwaters of Radhanagari Dam. The closet main city is kolhapur which is about 90 Km from the Dajipur Gate. There are several types of forest in this sanctuary and hence good diversity as well. In this sanctuary there is a small check dam on a stream and the place is known as "वाघाचे पाणी" means "Tiger's Water." This place is particularly good of butterfliers.

... more destinations will follow soon....

Butterflying at Nannaj

       Lot of people go to various dense forest zones for butterflying, I do the same. Areas nearing dense forest is likely to have more species and hence there are chances to photograph some new species than those which are present in your collection.

        One fine day I decided to visit completely different terrain. I decided to visit Nannaj Widlife Sanctuary which is dominated by grassland and scrub-land habitat. Most of the Deccan plateau and Central Indians planes are covered by these type of habitats. So I decided to check these areas for butterflies.

         Nannaj wildlife Sanctuary is a grassland plane reserved for the protection of bird called Great Indian Bustard alias GIB. Large grassland area is protected and hence one can find good insect population in this area. Sanctuary is dominated by Blackbucks and various types of larks, babblers and Francolins. Year 2007 was an average rainfall year and good grass cover was to be seen in the month of September.

         A brief report of what I recorded during Nannaj visit.

Date: 11 Sept'07
Location: 15 Km from Solapur
Landscape: Scrub + grassland
Weather: Hot but not humid, sunny with partial clouds, light breeze, grass green and soil slightly wet from previous day's shower.

1. Common Emmigrant   -   Large number (Hundreds)
2. Mottled Emmigrant    -   Large number (Hundreds)
3. Common grass yellows -  Large number (Hundreds)
4. Crimson tip          -    One sighting
5. Small orange tip  -   4-5 sightings
6. Common Albatross  - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
7. Pioneer (Caper white) - Common (approx 10 sightings)
8. Common gull -

9. Joker   - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
10. Blue Pansy - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
11. Lemon Pansy - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
12. Yellow Pansy -  4-5 sightings
13. Common Four Ring - Common (approx 10 sightings)
14. Common Leopard - Common (approx 10 sightings)
15. Painted Lady - 4-5 sightings
16. Danaid eggfly - 4-5 sightings
17. Plain Tiger - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
18. Glassy Tiger - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
19. Common Crow - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)

20. Common Rose - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
21. Crimson Rose - 4-5 sightings

22. Plains cupid - Abundant (more than 20 sightings)
23. Indian Cupid - 1 sighting
24. Gram blue - Common (approx 10 sightings)
25. Lesser grass blue - Common (approx 10 sightings)
26. Common Cerulian - Common (approx 10 sightings)
27. Dark Cerulian - 1-2 sightings
28. Common Pierrot - 1-2 sightings
29. Rounded pierrot - 4-5 sightings
30. Pale grass blue - 4-5 sightings
31. Dark Babul Blue- 4-5 sightings
32. Pale Babul Blue- 4-5 sightings


33. UN ID skipper (dart?) - Only one sighting

Monday, June 6, 2011

Sinhagad Valley Butterflying 18th January 2009


1. Common Rose
2. Common mormon
3. Tailed Jay
4. Common lime

5. Tiny grass blue
6. Gram blue
7. Silver streak blue *
8. Common hedge blue
9. Common pierrot
10. Rounded pierrot
11. Forget me not

12. Common emigrant
13. Common grass yellow
14. Spotless grass yellow
15. Common jezeble

16. Chocolate pansy
17. Grey pansy
18. Blue pansy
19. Yellow pansy
20. Leopard
21. Common Baron female
22. Common nawab
23. Common crow
24. Striped Tiger
25. Blue Tiger
26. Glassy Tiger
27. Common Bushbrown
28. Common evening brown
29. Painted lady
30. Common Sailor
31. Common five ring (dry form)

Total Species count = 31

Link to the Photographs

7th National Butterfly Meet at W.Bengal: Buxa WLS & Samsing

The butterfly meet is something a butterflier can not miss. After 6th Butterfly meet in Andhra Pradesh, discussions for venue of next butterfly meet began. When Suggestion of N.W. Bengal came from ArjanDa, everybody readily agreed to that. Anything that goes near N.E. India or Sikkim promises good butterflying!!

So the Jayanti in Buxaduar Tiger Reserve and Samsing in Neora Valley Sanctuary were finalized. Responsibility of all logistical arrangement was taken by ArjanDa and Rudra, so there was nothing remained to bother about. The dates for the meet were finalized as 15th March – 20th March.

Long journey to Kolkata, then to New Alipurduar and another hour by Jeep and we were at the Gates of Buxaduar WLS. From gate itself we started getting promises of rich find. The Buxaduar is a typical Himalayan foothill Jungle. It is a moist evergreen forest with tall trees and lot of undergrowth even in the month of March. You can see many trees hosting orchids which promises moist environment over the year. There are lots of streams flowing through forest. These streams ultimately meet Jayanti River. These stream & river beds are completely filled with rocks and fine soil brought from the mountains which creates perfect environment for mud puddling.

The rest houses at Buxaduar are on great location and very nice, comfortable and clean. They are situated just a hundred meters from Jayanti River, on the edge of Jayanti village. Just by peeping outside window we were able to spot several dozen species of birds and butterflies. Banded blue crow, variety of Jezebels & sailors, Cabbage whites, grass blues & flashes, evening browns & bush browns were seen just around the cottage.

We were total 2 ½ day in the Buxaduar WLS. The first day we took a trail along Jayanti River and surrounding bushes. Second day we took a trail along a stream called ‘Guay Nala.’ On third day, on the way to Samsing we visited a place deep in jungle called 21 mile stone.

First day was fantastic, clear day. The checklist on the first day crossed the mark of 90 species. That includes swordtails, peacocks, red & yellow Helen, windmills, batwings, silver lines, flashes, mimes, zebras, and chocolate albatross. Tiny but beautiful butterflies like orchid tit, fluffy tit were also seen. First day we lack skippers. Only 3-4 types were seen on this day. Second day was also good revealing copper flash, oak blues, shadowy visitors like tree browns, dark palm dart, common earl, grey count. It added about dozen in the previous day’s checklist. But most gratifying was amazing variety of silver lines, glimpses of variety of peacocks and complete showbiz modeling of red breast. Himalayan snow flat, yellow breasted Himalayan flat, chestnut angle were added in the checklist.

Every evening revealed amazing variety of moths and we spotted huge sized geckos eating those beauties. There was one interesting gecko called Tokay’s gecko which was of almost a feet long and was continuously feeding on insects near bulb in our rest house.

On the third day we left Jayanti and started for Samsing. On the way out we visited 21 miles. This is very nice place. It is surrounded by jungle from all sides and there is no trace of human except mud road and a watch tower at the centre. It was very cloudy and hence we weren’t able to spot much species here. But still cloudy environment has its own advantages. This brings out skippers out in open. The instant we arrived on the spot there were two varieties of awls flying around. Along with that we were able to spot some sailors which were not seen on previous two days. Purple Sapphires were also flying around. Finally we had to leave Buxaduar because it started raining and we had a long journey ahead of us before we reach Samsing.

Samsing is another interesting location, situated approximately on 2500 ft from sea level. It is located near the entrance of Neora Valley. It is under jurisdiction of Forest Development Corporation. Original forest is cut for timber purpose and right now there is only tertiary vegetation but it is fenced and well protected so amazing variety is found in this area.

We reached there on 17th March but weather was cloudy and it was drizzling. It rained entire night but the morning came with bright sun. The morning came with the sightings of Palmfly, Clear Sailors, Countless Sapphires, Blue tit. After breakfast we started our real trail. We walked along the tar road. This day was simply amazing. The first good sighting was Common Gem. Krishna peacock was flying around. It was followed by Tawny Rajah. Then came red base jezebel and common birdwing. Common sergeant, Staff sergeant, Colour sergeant were giving their glimpses. Crossing the bushy land we entered into a wooded area and there we got the catch of the meet Blue Imperial. It was there for just 15 seconds but we were able to grab few snaps. Further down the trail we spotted Golden Sapphire, Plane, Poppin Jay, Tabby, and Common Maplet. We were overjoyed with the staggering number of sightings. Our checklist crossed the mark of 175 species.

From the experience of last day we expected another great day. But there was no new addition to the checklist except one obscure record of common tinsel. Later noon brought heavy clouds and then in the evening it rained so heavyly that I have experienced never before. The rain was accompanied by icelings and the size of icelings was frightfully large. It was like some weapon bombarding lemon size bullets on us. One hit on your body and pain that will accompany you for next few days!! Obviously no butterflying was possible but this experience was entirely different.

Last day in Samsing was as gloomy last evening. We encountered some new variety of sailors. A Black Prince was sighted flying on a litchi tree. Tawny Angle was spotted in a streambed. But by then it was cloudy again and promised heavy rain so we returned back to rest house. We started our journey to New Jalpaiguri.

Every night during this meet we gathered to identify and summarize the records of the day. Everyday was filled with some new sighting some very common, some very rare, some very confusing. These 6 days were completely filled with butterflying spirit.

This meet was a real success. During entire meet all arrangements of lodging, food and traveling were excellent. All credit goes to our Kolkata members.

There were total 32 of us completely filled with passion of butterflying. People in the village use to stare at us like we were some idiots running after butterflies but we never cared and maintained spirit of butterflying. Later even villagers started contributing in our observations. Important observations were made, trends in sighting were observed, precious data was collected. We finished our 7th Butterfly meet with 195 species in our checklist and with a lingering desire of staying back at Samsing which really promised good time. We were back to Kolkata on 21st morning with lot of new friends and new places to look forward.

- Pinakin Karve

Friday, November 6, 2009

8th Butterfly Meet Chakrata, Uttaranchal

After the successful 7th All India Butterfly Meet conducted at Buxaduar WLS and Samsing, West Bengal; the discussion triggered about next meet. A though came that previous meets were either in north east India or south India. So next time why not explore western Himalaya?

At this point I had already visited Chakrata in Oct 2006 while I was doing PGD in natural resource management and sustainable development with Ecologicl Society, Pune. Unfortunately I didn't had camera in that trip and had very poor knowledge of Himalayan butterflies so overall documentation of the butterflies was very poor. But that visit showed me that Chakrata is promising area for butterflying and will have a different spectrum of species than previous butterfly meets. Hence I proposed the meet at Chakrata. It was scheduled from 29th September to 3rd October 2008.

Chakrata is located approximately 110Km from Dehradun. The height of Chakrata village from mean sea level is about 7000ft. During the meet we visited several places around chakrata whose altitude varied from 4000 ft to 10000 ft. We tried to cover maximum type of eco systems around Chakrata and hence at the end of the meet we could claim a checklist of 142 species. during the meet we stayed at a hotel named Himalayan Paradise which is situated about 4km from Chakrata near a place called Guasa bridge. The location of hotel is very picturesque and in the lap of nature. Large diversity of birds and butterflies could be spotted just sitting in the balcony of the hotel.

All members of the meet gathered at Dehradoon on the morning of 29th September and started journey towards Chakrata in two Sumo vehicles. Since the target of day 1 was just to reach Chakrata we were spending a lot of time in mountains. We were stopping at every place where we could spot butterfly activity. This activity gave good results. Our checklist exceeded over 50 on day 1 itself. Orange Oakleaf, Clubbed beak, Spangle, Redbreast, Spotted Sawtooth, Peacock Royal, Common Map, Common Flash were the highlights of the Day.

The second day was set to explore around Chakrata village and our hotel. We started our activity around 8am when first sunlight entered into the valley. The first important sighting was of Chapman's cupid, Common Punch and Circe. Then the walk towards Chakrata revealed the presence of Common Wall, Striated and common Satyr, Common Yellow swallowtail, Common Copper and white bordered copper. After spending about 2 Hrs on the route we traveled by vehicle directly towards Forest Bungalow. Its a remnant from British era which is now renovated. There is an excellent botanical garden around Forest Bungalow. This garden also posses wide variety of ornamental and wild flowers. This attracted a good number of butterflies like Large Silverstripe, common brimstone, Marginated hedge blue, Common Woodbrown, Common Treebrown etc. The return journey was uneventful as the weather became very much cloudy. The temperature dropped around 15 degree Celsius and the only butterflies which could be seem were Argus and hedge blues. A brief opening in the clouds gave us sighting of common beak and green sapphire. The cloudy conditions were gone after some time but by that time it was evening and sunlight was already week to boost up the temperature. So butterfly activity faded. But that created good opportunity for bird watching and I was able to spot several himalayan birds like himalayan pipit, himalayan crested bulbul, black bulbul, several variety of tits etc.

Day 3 was planned to explore lower altitude. The trail which we were going to take known as Tiger Falls trek; was a promising trail but the trekking was exhaustive too. From the experience of previous two days we worked out that butterfly activity is maximum during 8 to 12 in the morning. The activity necessarily terminates around 4pm. The trek was going to take at least 5 hours considering that we were going to take butterflying stops. So it wasn't possible to cover the top and the bottom of the valley at same time if we all moved together. So I divided our team in two groups. First group was supposed to trek from our hotel to Tiger falls via Khoya channi village. Second group was supposed to travel directly to Tiger falls by vehicle and explore the area. I was with the trekker group. Five of us started moving towards valley at 8. Valley was very narrow and hence it was almost 10 when first ray of light touched the bottom of valley. But then we had butterflies all around us. The hot sighting of this trail were Yellow Coaster, Great Mormon, Paris Peacock, Tabby, Western Courtier, Blue Admiral, Common Brimstone, spotless and small grass yellow, Glassy bluebottle and Cornelian. As we reach at the bottom of the valley and met with other team we added few more hot sightings into our checklist like Powdery green sapphire, Water snow flat, Common Nawab and Orange bordered Argus. We were back to hotel tired but satisfied.

Day 4 was scheduled for exploring higher altitudes. Here also we decided to cover two locations. First was a trek to place called Budher. Second location was a place called Devban. The trekker team went to Budhre caves and another team went to Devban where direct approach by vehicle is possible. Budher caves are high altitude meadows with Deodar and pine forest on the lower slopes. Deoban is typical Deodar forest at high altitude. Budher has a very beautiful cave consisting of stalactite and stalagmite structures while at Deoban you can see a deodar tree with girth of 640cm. This day opened up with cloudy sky but with intermediate opening.

During Budher cave trail, thousands of Common woodbrowns were spotted involved in basking and puddling activity. Along with that Dark Clouded yellow, Common Satyr, Hill jezeble, Dusky Hedge Blue, Chestnut Tiger were important sightings. The most important sighting in this trail was Queen of Spain fritillary. The deoban trail gave a rare sighting of lesser punch. Other sightings were similar to Budher caves. Only things is that large congregation of woodbrowns was seen only in Budher trail.

The night of day four gave a surprising sighting of Forstein's Cat Snake at our hotel. It was trying to enter into a room when it was spotted. Being a non-venomous snake it was easy to capture and handle. So I took liberty of that and got pretty nice photographs of the snake.

The fifth was our last day and we just eplored around our hotel in the morning. By noon we were already on the way to Dehradoon. But rather than taking the same road by which we arrived we took a road towards Mussoori and then towards Dehradun. When we came at a lower altitude we added few more in our checklist. Zebra blue, Malayan, Common line blue, common pierrot, Clear sailor, commander were the highlights. We reached Dehradoon around six and we had about 3 hrs before we board in the train but since it was time to part we were making most of it. It would be another year before we meet together.

Link to the Photographs of Chakrata Meet

Checklist of the Meet is as follows

Day 129th September, 2008Chakrata Road - CHR

Day 230th September, 2008Chakrata & Forest Guest House - CH

Day 31st October, 2008Tiger Fall trek route - TF

Day 42nd October, 2008Budher Cave - BC & Deoban - DB

Day 53rd October, 2008Mussourie Road - MRd

SerialFamilyCommon NameScientific NameCHRCHTFBCDBMRdVery CommonCommonRare
1PapilionidaeCommon RosePachliopta aristolochiaeYYY
2PapilionidaeCommon JayGraphium dosonYY
3PapilionidaeTailed JayGraphium agamemnonYY
4PapilionidaeCommon BluebottleGraphium sarpedonYY
5PapilionidaeGlassy BluebottleGraphium cloanthusYY
6PapilionidaeCommon MormonPapilio polytesYYYY
7PapilionidaeGreat MormonPapilio memnonYY
8PapilionidaeLime ButterflyPapilio demoleusYYY
9PapilionidaeCommon BatwingAtrophaneura varunaYY
10PapilionidaeSpanglePapilio protenorYYY
11PapilionidaeRedbreastPapilio alcmenorYY
12PapilionidaeCommon Yellow SwallowtailPapilio machaonYY
13PapilionidaeCommon PeacockPapilio polyctorYY
14PapilionidaeParis PeacockPapilio parisYY
15PieridaeCommon WandererPareronia valeriaYYY
16PieridaeCommon JezebelDelias eucharisYY
17PieridaeHill JezebelDelias belladonaYYY
18PieridaeSpotted SawtoothPrioneris thestylisYY
19PieridaePsycheLeptosia ninaYYY
20PieridaeIndian Cabbage WhitePieris canidiaYYYY
21PieridaePioneerBelenois aurotaYY
22PieridaeCommon GullCepora nerissaYY
23PieridaeCommon EmigrantCatopsilia pomonaYYYY
24PieridaeMottled EmigrantCatopsilia pyrantheYYYY
25PieridaeSmall Grass YellowEurema brigittaYYYYY
26PieridaeCommon Grass YellowEurema hecabeYYY
27PieridaeThree-spot Grass YellowEurema blandaYY
28PieridaeSpotless Grass YellowEurema laetaYYY
29PieridaeDark Clouded YellowColias fieldiiYYY
30PieridaeCommon BrimstoneGonepteryx rhamniYYY
31LycaenidaePeacock RoyalTajuria cippusYY
32LycaenidaeBlue TitChliaria kinaYY
33LycaenidaeCornelianDeudorix epijarbasYY
34LycaenidaeCommon FlashRapala nissaYY
35LycaenidaeCommon CopperLycaena phlaeasYY
36LycaenidaeWhite-bordered CopperLycaena pavanaYYYYYY
37LycaenidaePowdery Green SapphireHeliophorus tamuYY
38LycaenidaeGreen SapphireHeliophorus androclesYY
39LycaenidaeSorrel SapphireHeliophorus senaYYYYYYY
40LycaenidaeCommon Ciliate BlueAnthene emolusYY
41LycaenidaeCommon PierrotCastalius rosimonYY
42LycaenidaeZebra BlueLeptotes pliniusYYY
43LycaenidaeCommon LineblueProsotas noraYY
44LycaenidaeCommon CeruleanJamides celenoYY
45LycaenidaePea BlueLampides boeticusYYY
46LycaenidaeDark Grass BlueZizeeria karsandraYYYYY
47LycaenidaePale Grass BluePseudozizeeria mahaYYYYY
48LycaenidaeGrass JewelFreyeria trochylusYY
49LycaenidaeTiny Grass BlueZizula hylaxYY
50LycaenidaeLime BlueChilades laiusYY
51LycaenidaeChapman's CupidEveres argiades diporidesYYY
52LycaenidaeRed PierrotTalicada nyseusYY
53LycaenidaeQuakerNeopithecops zalmoraYYY
54LycaenidaeMalayanMegisba malayaYY
55LycaenidaeGram BlueEuchrysops cnejusYY
56LycaenidaeDusky Hedge BlueOreolyce vardhanaYY
57LycaenidaeMargined Hedge BlueCelatoxia marginataYY
58LycaenidaePlain Hedge BlueCelestrina lavendularisYYYYY
59LycaenidaeOrange-bordered ArgusAricia astrarcheYY
60LycaenidaePlains CupidChilades pandavaYY
61LycaenidaePlum JudyAbisara echeriusYY
62LycaenidaeLesser PunchDodona dipoeaYY
63LycaenidaeTailed PunchDodona eugenesYY
64LycaenidaeCommon PunchDodona ouidaYYYYYY
65NymphalidaeCommon BeakLibythea lepitaYY
66NymphalidaeClub BeakLibythea myrrhaYY
67NymphalidaeDark Blue TigerTirumala septentrionisYY
68NymphalidaeCommon TigerDanaus genutiaYY
69NymphalidaePlain TigerDanaus chrysippusYY
70NymphalidaeGlassy TigerParantica agleaYYYY
71NymphalidaeChestnut TigerParantica sitaYYYYYYY
72NymphalidaeStriped Blue CrowEuploea mulciberYYYY
73NymphalidaeCommon CrowEuploea coreYYY
74NymphalidaeCommon NawabPolyura athamasYY
75NymphalidaeCommon Evening BrownMelanitis ledaYY
76NymphalidaeBamboo TreebrownLethe europaYY
77NymphalidaeCommon TreebrownLethe rohriaYYY
78NymphalidaeBanded TreebrownNeopa confusaYY
79NymphalidaeStraight-banded TreebrownNeope vermaYY
80NymphalidaeCommon WoodbrownLethe sidonisYYYYY
81NymphalidaeCommon WallLasiommata schakraYYYYYY
82NymphalidaeLong-brand BushbrownMycalesis visalaYY
83NymphalidaeWhite-line BushbrownMycalesis malsaraYY
84NymphalidaeNiggerOrsotrioena medusYY
85NymphalidaeStraited SatyrAulocera saraswatiYYY
86NymphalidaeCommon SatyrAulocera swahaYYYY
87NymphalidaeRinged ArgusCallerebia anandaYYYYYY
88NymphalidaeHybrid ArgusCallerebia hybridaYY
89NymphalidaePallid ArgusCallerebia scandaYY
90NymphalidaeCommon Four-ringYpthima hubenriYY
91NymphalidaeCommon Five-ringYpthima baldusYY
92NymphalidaeLarge Three-ringYpthima naredaYYYYY
93NymphalidaeHimalayan Five-ringYpthima sakraYYYYY
94NymphalidaeTawny CosterAcraea violaeYY
95NymphalidaeYellow CosterAcraea issoriaYYY
96NymphalidaeLarge SilverstripeChildrena childreniYYY
97NymphalidaeQueen of Spain FritillaryIssoria lathoniaYYY
98NymphalidaeRusticCupha erymanthisYYY
99NymphalidaeCommon LeopardPhalanta phalantaYY
100NymphalidaeCommon SergeantParathyma periusYY
101NymphalidaeHimalayan SergeantAthyma opalinaYYYYYY
102NymphalidaeStaff SergeantAthyma selenophoraYY
103NymphalidaeCommon LascarPantoporia hordoniaYY
104NymphalidaeSmall Yellow SailerNeptis miahYY
105NymphalidaeCommon SailerNeptis hylasYYY
106NymphalidaeHimalayan SailerNeptis mahendraYY
107NymphalidaeCreamy SailerPantoporia soma butleriYY
108NymphalidaeClear SailerNeptis cliniaYY
109NymphalidaeCommon MapCyrestis thyodamasYY
110NymphalidaeTabbyPseudergolis wedahYYYY
111NymphalidaeAngled CastorAriadne ariadneYYY
112NymphalidaeCommon CastorAriadne merioneYYY
113NymphalidaeCirceHestina namaYY
114NymphalidaeWestern CourtierSephisa dichroaYYY
115NymphalidaeCommon JesterSymbrenthia lilaeaYY
116NymphalidaeHimalayan JesterSymbrenthia hypselisYY
117NymphalidaeBlue-tail JesterSymbrenthia niphandaYY
118NymphalidaeIndian Red AdmiralVanessa indicaYYYYYY
119NymphalidaePainted LadyCynthia carduiYY
120NymphalidaeCommanderModuza procrisYYY
121NymphalidaeIndian TortoiseshellAglais cashmiriensisYY
122NymphalidaeBlue AdmiralKaniska canaceYYY
123NymphalidaeBlue PansyJunonia orithyaYYY
124NymphalidaeYellow PansyJunonia hiertaYYYYY
125NymphalidaeChocolate PansyPrecis iphitaYYYYYYY
126NymphalidaeGrey Pansy Junonia atlitesYYYY
127NymphalidaePeacock PansyJunonia almanaYYYY
128NymphalidaeLemon PansyJunonia lemoniasYYYYY
129NymphalidaeGreat EggflyHypolimnas bolinaYYY
130NymphalidaeOrange OakleafKallima inachusYYY
131HesperiidaeIndian SkipperSpialia galbaYY
132HesperiidaeCommon Small FlatSarangesa dasaharaYY
133HesperiidaeSpotted Small FlatSarangesa purendraYY
134HesperiidaeFulvous Pied FlatColadenia danYYY
135HesperiidaeWater Snow FlatTagiades litigiosaYY
136HesperiidaeGolden AngleCaprona ransonnettiYY
137HesperiidaeStraight SwiftParnara guttatusYYYY
138HesperiidaeBevan's SwiftPseudoborbo bevaniYY
139HesperiidaeSmall Branded SwiftPelopidas mathiasYY
140HesperiidaeGrass DemonUdaspes folusYYY
141HesperiidaeVeined Scrub HopperAeromachus stigmatusYY
142HesperiidaeIndian DartOriens pseudomaesa clioYY